August 22, 2017 | National Main Street Center | Main Street Spotlight |Photo credit: Project for Public Spaces
From walkability and transportation connectivity, to access to nature and availability of fresh food, place is inextricably linked to achieving positive health outcomes in rural America. Less explored, though perhaps equally powerful, is the connection between creating healthy places and economic development in America’s small towns.
This July 24-25, we hosted the Convergence of Health, Place, and the Economy
in Denver, Colorado, with the Project for Public Spaces
. This convening of nearly 50 of the country’s thought leaders from nonprofit planning and community development, transportation, health institutions, foundations, and government agencies was held to explore the intersection of place, health, and economic development in rural America.
With an emphasis on dialogue and interaction between participants, this convening was designed to create actionable agendas that advance health and prosperity on rural Main Streets. The three objectives of the convening were:
The event was made possible by the generous sponsorship of Anne T. and Robert M. Bass.
- Convene and connect a diverse group of resource providers and experts.
- Create inclusive and actionable strategies for rural main streets.
- Establish shared values and engage in organic dialogue on the issues facing rural Main Streets.
Denver streetscape. Photo credit: Lindsey Wallace, National Main Street Center
The convening began with keynote speakers Patrice Frey, Fred Kent, Matt Wagner, Richard Jackson, Jane Ellery, and Ed McMahon creating an atmosphere for transformative change around how to shape the nexus of the economy and health in rural America. Importance was placed on how, together, we can realize our collective potential to improve rural economies and health through placemaking.
Over the two days, participants discussed how to scale successes in three primary topic areas:
- Main Street as Marketplace: Healthy Food and Healthy Economy
- Nature Matters: The Role of Green, Active, and Playful Places
- Main Streets as Places: Making Active Transportation Easy
The event culminated in a collaborative process to develop actions, teams, and commitments in virtual learning opportunities, affinity groups, messaging, and creating a model for similar convenings at the local level.
Patrice Frey, NMSC President & CEO, speaks at the convening. Photo credit: Rachel Bowdon, National Main Street Center
Key Notes from the Keynotes
The following thought leaders from Main Street America, Project for Public Spaces, UCLA, Ball State University, and Urban Land Institute shared inspirational stories, the need for urgent action, and insights on the connection of place, health and the economy. Patrice Frey, President and CEO, National Main Street Center
This convening is an opportunity to focus on what’s working in rural America in terms of health, place and economic outcomes. This is the first time there’s been a convening of this nature and it is a real opportunity to bust out of our silos and approach these challenges holistically. This is especially important because 75-80 percent of communities fall into the category of rural. Fred Kent, President, Project for Public Spaces
All disciplines converge around place. Community organizing and improving places for people is one of the easiest things we can do. The tools to get there include Architecture of Place, Streets as Places, and Local Foods/Markets—all with the outcome of improving economic and health outcomes. “We can all do something we can’t believe.”Matt Wagner, Vice President of Revitalization Programs, National Main Street Center
These are the conditions and trends we see impacting rural economies: struggles with population loss; shifts away from ag-based economy; more urban populations; all rural economies are not the same (western US is characterized by predominantly recreation-based economic sectors and southeastern is more manufacturing); youth outmigration, agriculture, and technology and automation. Trends like locally grown food changes Main Streets into culinary districts: we see farm to table restaurants, value-added production with retail components, and farmer’s markets as year-round retail anchors. About small scale production: because of the rise of the internet, online retail and globalization, this type of production has been able to occur and succeed in small town contexts.Richard Jackson, MD MPH FAAP, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health
There are big economic forces pushing us in the direction of ill health—built environment, livability, opportunities to connect with nature. But connecting with one another can be a balancing factor. Basic healthcare and a healthy environment are rights. The purpose of public health is to fulfill society’s interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy. “We can’t wag our finger at people and tell them to be healthy—what does work is to make it irresistible for people to get out be active, eat healthy, and enjoy their environment.”Jane Ellery, Senior Fellow Project for Public Spaces, Ball State University
Community well-being takes a transdisciplinary approach: public and mental health, human resource and management, political science - all working together. Communities often don’t have the means to voice their concerns, but placemaking can facilitate that. Well-being is about moving away from preventing people from getting sick to helping people live fulfilling, happy, and healthy lives—it’s moving from a pathogenic to a salutogenic framework. We are working together to make physical activity an unavoidable part of our daily lives. “Place is as important to health as your genetic code.” Ed McMahon, Urban Land Institute and National Main Street Center Board of Directors
The US spends the most in the world on healthcare but doesn’t necessarily get the best results. Rural healthcare, in particular, is a huge challenge. One-third of rural communities in America are gaining population and a healthy downtown is key to attracting people. While every community has different assets and challenges, to get the attention of public officials, healthy communities need to be linked to economic and/or community development. He stressed “The Economics of Uniqueness” and that differentiating your community through placemaking is incredibly important to your economic health as well as physical health.
Main Street as Marketplace: Healthy Food and Healthy Economy
In this themed section, three panelists discussed how markets impact access to healthy food and a vibrant economy in rural Main Streets, then attendees broke out into small groups for a deeper dive, facilitated discussion.Presenters:
How might we leverage food systems to encourage rural economic development?
- In order to better make the connection between healthy food and rural economies, we need:
- A public policy playbook with numbers to share with local elected officials;
- A deeper study and understanding into the economic realities of food-related projects; and
- Examples of small grants playing a role to incentivize other foundations.
- In order to support and implement more healthy food related projects, we need:
- A collection of best practices;
- A community champion; and
- Involvement of local anchor institutions like local hospitals, etc.
Nature Matters panel. Photo credit: Project for Public Spaces
Nature Matters: The Role of Green, Active, and Playful Places
How might we encourage community investment in green spaces?
- Lighter quicker cheaper mock-up projects (start small) to get public buy-in
- Involve the people who are going to be impacted
- Communicate the connection between economic and health benefits of green spaces
- Partner with medical professionals
- Advocate for green spaces as prescription to healthy living
Main Streets as Places: Making Active Transportation Easy
Discussion SummaryGuiding Question
: How might we connect rural transportation and access to health?Responses included:
- Leverage local hospitals; they already have to do community health needs assessments
- Include multi-sector representatives in these conversations beyond health officials to develop community health plans
- Seek input from various community stakeholders
- Need a convener of best practices
- Support local capacity building
- Advocate for preventative care to ensure all ages are able to walk and bike longer
Photo credit: Project for Public Spaces
Open Group Discussion
To emphasize the community-led approach to this convening, participants spent time in a facilitated discussion examining questions and ideas crucial to implementing health-related work:
- How do we work to prevent displacement? If biking/walking is good for real estate values, how do we ensure that low income residents aren’t pushed out?
- Gentrification is an intrinsic part of placemaking—placemaking is about responding to and serving local communities, so it should be inclusive.
- In terms of Main Street and rural economies, it’s easier to save existing affordable housing than to build new units, so this should be emphasized in our healthy places work to prevent displacement.
- We need a shared language. How do we engage people in rural areas?
- Healthy Corridors—how can we integrate aspects of play everywhere?
- Substance abuse is an important health issue. How can we bring them into this group into the conversation?
- Is there any evidence or research that supports this relationship between historic buildings and community wellbeing?
- Health is a wicked problem. What are the barriers in place that are preventing us collectively from tackling the issue?
Creating Action Agendas
The primary goal of this convening was for participants to begin to develop action agendas around themes that emerged during the meeting. While many ideas were exchanged related to building the capacity of rural Main Street managers and scaling the placemaking projects yielding positive health and economic outcomes, four areas for action emerged. Participants self-selected into one of the following discussion groups:
- Virtual learning forum. Establish a virtual learning forum community that allows us to go forward outside of physical convenings.
- Affinity groups. Establish community typologies and provide opportunities to connect with communities who are similar.
- Messaging. Establish shared language on intersections of health/place/economy.
- Replicable program or convening model. Create a model for local convenings on the convergence of health, place, and the economy that replicate the work done here.
Work continues on the identified action agendas—stay tuned for more information about how to get involved or how you could further the work started in Denver! The Project for Public Spaces and the National Main Street Center are also working on a summary report, which will include details surrounding each of the presentations and discussions.Thank you to the following organizations for attending:
American Planning Association
Ball State University
City of Lamar
City of Montrose
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
Colorado Department of Transportation
Colorado Development Office
Colorado Main Street
Community Resource Center
U.S. Economic Development Administration
Edington Associates, LLC
Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA
Iowa Economic Development
Kentucky Heritage Council
Land Information Access Association
Main Street South Carolina
Main Street West Virginia
Mary Black Foundation
Montana Main Street
Montana State University
Nashville Civic Design Center
National Main Street Center
National Trust for Historic Preservation
Project for Public Spaces
Rails to Trails
Red Tail Conservancy
Safe Routes to School
Tennessee Department of Health
Trust for Public Land